Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Infection and Associated Factors Among Antenatal Clinic Attendees at SOS Hospital, Mogadishu, Somalia

Authors

  • Fartun M. Luqmaan Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jamhuriya University of Science and Technology, Mogadishu, Somalia
  • Aisha A. Hassan Department of Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jamhuriya University of Science and Technology, Mogadishu, Somalia
  • Liban H. Mohamud Department of Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jamhuriya University of Science and Technology, Mogadishu, Somalia
  • Hamdi D. Olow Department of Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jamhuriya University of Science and Technology, Mogadishu, Somalia
  • Najmo O. Muse Department of Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jamhuriya University of Science and Technology, Mogadishu, Somalia
  • Said A. Ahmed Department of Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jamhuriya University of Science and Technology, Mogadishu, Somalia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.59067/afjhms.v8i1.12

Keywords:

Hepatitis B virus, Pregnancy women, Blood transfusion, Somalia

Abstract

Introduction: Hepatitis B virus infection is a potentially fatal liver infection that has become a serious global health issue. Hepatitis B infection is linked to an increased risk of death from cirrhosis, liver cancer, and non-liver malignancies. HBV infection is the 15th leading cause of death worldwide. HBV was responsible for 786,000 deaths in 2010, most of which were due to liver cancer (341,000 deaths) and cirrhosis (312,000 deaths).

Methodology: The study design was a cross-sectional research design using a qualitative approach from secondary data from patient records between (December 2021 and August 2022. The study was conducted at SOS Hospital located in Haleiwa district of Mogadishu, Somalia.

Result: 400 eligible participants gave their consent and were included in the study between December 2021 and August 2022. RDT revealed that there were 400 participants, or 1.5%, who had hepatitis B infection. The study's participants ranged in age from 15 to 40. The youngest age recorded was between 15 and 20 years, and the oldest was between 31 and 40 years, with a peak prevalence of 15-20 years; the HBV prevalence rate varied by age, 71 (17.75%), HBV prevalence rate varied by residence with Mogadishu having the highest prevalence (70%); HBV prevalence rate varied by marital status with Married having the highest prevalence (98%);

Conclusion: The prevalence of HBV among pregnant in SOS Hospital is 1.5%. Blood transfusion and a History of dental procedure are associated with HBV infection.

Published

2023-06-01

How to Cite

Luqmaan, F. M., Hassan, A. A., Mohamud, L. H., Olow, H. D., Muse, N. O., & Ahmed, S. A. (2023). Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Virus Infection and Associated Factors Among Antenatal Clinic Attendees at SOS Hospital, Mogadishu, Somalia. African Journal of Health and Medical Sciences (AFJHMS), 8(1), 14–25. https://doi.org/10.59067/afjhms.v8i1.12